Bordering Rwanda and Congo, Mgahinga Gorilla National Park is located in the south west region of Uganda. Mgahinga encompasses 3 extinct volcanoes and 3 broad swamps. Spread over 33.7km2 land, it is Uganda's smallest National Park. Mgahinga is one of two areas in Uganda in which mountain gorillas can be explored; the other being Bwindi Impenetrable National Park. The park takes its name from "Gahinga" – the local word for the heaps of volcanic stones cleared from farmland at the foot of the volcanoes. The park has one habituated gorilla grouping, however, these now and then crosses the park's border and venture into Rwanda. There are 76 mammal species recorded in the park, including bisons, elephants, bushbucks, and monkeys. Around 115 bird species have been also been documented in the park, including Rwenzorituraco, Rwenzorituraco, Rwenzoribatis, Rwenzori double-collared sunbird, collared apalis, mountain masked apalis, Archer's ground robin, stripe-breasted tit, blue-headed sunbird, regal sunbird, strange weaver, montane nightjar, and Grauer's swamp warbler. This park was at one time a home to the mountain gorillas, however, they have relocated to Rwanda in the Volcanoes. As the park is known for its wildlife, the park also has an enormous social criticalness, specifically for the indigenous Batwa dwarfs. This clan of hunter gatherers was the forest’s "first individuals". Mgahinga Gorilla National Park, is a part of the greater Virunga Conservation Area, presently mutually secured territory with Congo and Rwanda.
Mgahinga Gorilla National Park is open for gorilla trekking throughout the year, however, the best time to visit the park is during the dry months of June to August and December to January. During this time the trails tend to be easier to navigate and spending time with the gorillas is more pleasant when it isn’t raining.
Mgahinga Gorilla National Park is the easiest accessible national park in Uganda. You can get to Mgahinga via Kisoro. Boda-bodas and high-leeway four-wheel drives are maybe the main vehicles that can be uses to reach the park during the dry season. A boda-boda from Kisoro into either park entrance will cost around USh15,000 and will take around 60 minutes.
As the name suggest, Mgahinga is famous for its mountain gorilla. You can spot the very rare golden monkey, endemic to the Albertine Rift, in the park. Other mammals you can spot in the park includes black-and-white colubus monkey, buffalo, elephant, bushbuck,and duiker.