Located on the Horn of Africa, the ancient Ethiopian kingdom of Axum (also spelled Aksum) played a significant role in international relations around the time of the first millennium Aksum lies on the western side of the northern Ethiopian highlands, some 200 km inland from the strategic ancient port of Adulis on the Red Sea coast of modern Eritrea. During the first seven centuries AD it was the capital of a major empire. It rose from the gradual merging of an indigenous farming population with immigrants from southern Arabia. These had settled in the region several hundreds of years previously, bringing with them important cultural traditions, including literacy in a Semitic language. Aksum rapidly became powerful and prosperous. Axum is a place of historical significance with its origins predating the Roman Empire. Today the visitor can see Stella; the largest single pieces of stone erected anywhere. The logistics of such a piece, how the stone was brought from the quarry and erected, is still not fully understood. The tombs and castles of kings are also worth visiting to get a fuller grasp of this mysterious and ancient city. For further education on the history of the town, visit the Axum Museum and Mariam Tsion Church which is built on the site of Ethiopia’s first church. A chapel within the church compound is believed by Ethiopian Orthodox Christians to house the Ark of the Covenant, or the original tablets of Moses. The town is cluttered with historical intrigue, so for those with a real passion for the past, Axum will prove to be the star of your Ethiopia adventure.
Like a large portion of Northern Ethiopia, you can visit and enjoy Axum anytime of the year apart from the rainy season, which is generally between the months of May and September.
Gondar can be easily reached by via air and road. From Gondar or the capital, Addis Ababa, it's most effortless to take a flight to Axum – which is just around a 20-minute adventure from Gondar or an hour from Addis. Generally it's additionally conceivable to get public buses between Axum and Gondar, by means of a town called Shire, where you may need to change or spend the night.
The city of Axum still exists in northern Ethiopia, It is one of the oldest inhabited cities in Africa.
The stone buildings in Axum were built without the use of mortar.
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