Tanzania is not just a wildlife hub but also a landscape teeming with diverse cultures to create a perfect blend of harmony and colors. No safari to Tanzania is complete without a taste of the cultural history and living traditions of its many tribes. And there are 126 of them. Yes, Tanzania is a fascinating melting pot of many cultures and you have an opportunity to immerse yourself in for a unique perspective on our cultural tours.

Since our main focus is on the Northern circuits specials you will experience life as it happens in the most natural of settings that’s the tribal villages

Serengeti is Masaai turf, the warrior- pastoralist tribe and one of the most primitive and popular ethnic groups in Tanzania. Known for their elegant way of dressing in the distinct Shuklas, the Masaai inhabit the regions of Serengeti and the Ngorongoro crater. A patriarchal society at the core,  the tribe has its own language Maa and also its own music and dance forms.

What if I tell you that there are tribes with an ancestry dating back to 10,000 years?  Well, remember the name Hadzabe. Inhabiting the slopes of Lake Eyashi, the Hadzabe tribe are the original bushman of Tanzania but now facing extinction. There are only 1000 of them left today.  A cultural excursion to a link of anthropological significance is a must.  Learn about their lifestyles, subsistence practices, hunting techniques and if lucky get a taste of “gissuda” – a local beer used for ceremonies and offered as an oblation. Warning! Stay away from their arrows. The tips are poisoned.

And if you really want to experience what a melting pot looks like then don’t miss out the thriving multicultural village of MtoWaMbu on the shores of Lake Manyara. Artifacts souvenirs, and lots of photography moments.  Remember a cultural experience is your moment to offer something back for the preservation of cultural and ethnic identities struggling to survive in modern times.

Want to feel the cultural pulse of Tanzania for a rewarding experience? Contact Tanganyika Safari

We offer two kinds of programs

Our tribal visits, which are short visits to various tribal villages, specially designed to be included in our normal safari itineraries. The second, our cultural programs, which are longer immersion programs that offer the chance to live with the African people and experience their life first hand while exploring their beautiful wilderness homes.

Our safari itineraries pass through the territories of many tribes and peoples. We believe that one of the most interesting things we can show our guests is the living culture of the traditional African communities.

We operate exclusive tourism programs with various traditional groups that enable us to make short cultural visits to their villages and for a few hours or a full day, taste their way of life. We make short hikes through the fields and pastures or go into the forest with a traditional healer to learn about medicinal plants.

Tanzania Cultural Tourism


The primitive hunter-gatherers, with a history of 10,000 years have inhabited this piece of land for hundreds of years. But today, they are on the brink on of extinction with barely 1000 of them left. They live in communal camps that are built in different locations shifting from one location to another depending on the season and game availability. They communicate using their Khoisan language of clicks, which is a  unique language filled with “clicks” and “pops” and unlike any other language that is spoken today.

As one of the last existing full-time hunter/gatherers on earth, the Hadzabe tribe are omnivorous and will eat just about anything that is available in the bushes to sustain themselves.  They are not used to agricultural practices nor do they raise any livestock. The women gather berries and pick baobab fruit while the men collect honey and hunt the ample local wildlife. The skilled hunters are proficient in bringing down giraffes, wildebeest, zebras buffalos and even birds with their poisonous arrows. The bushmeat they relish the most is of the baboon which they hunt in groups at night.  They see no point in putting in the effort and time required to produce their own food when they are surrounded by lush land that already offers them more than enough to survive.

For the past 10,000 years, the Hadzabe people have existed in the same small area, living in the same conditions and speaking the same language with little to no change. It’s as if they are trapped in time, completely unaware of the changing world around them. Hadzabe people believe instead in individual autonomy. They have no official leaders and no one within the group has authority over any other.


The Maasai, of Tanzania’s 120 ethnic groups, are among the best known to the western world due to their distinctive customs, dress and their residence near some of the greatest collections of wildlife on earth. These traditionally nomadic herders and warriors live in northern Tanzania and southern Kenya in the vast open spaces of the Great Rift Valley, sometimes called ” Masailand.”

Survivors of a past era, the Maasai live much the same way their ancestors did for centuries. Unconcerned about the passing of time, their lives are dictated by the rising and setting of the sun, the rugged landscape and the ever-changing seasons.

Tanzania Cultural Tourism


Despite the fact that Masai society is currently facing many social, political and economic challenges; they have a history of being able to adapt to changing conditions. Their strong traditional customs and way of life allow them to live in harmony with their beloved surroundings, and now cultural tourism programs are encouraging residents to share their values and customs with others.

Masai cultural encounters are relatively new in northern Tanzania. The best way to experience and learn about Masai life is to visit Masai communities and to walk and hike through Masailand with your Tanganyika Ancient Routes’guide.

Experience the awe and excitement of being on safari with Tanganyika Ancient Routes by going beyond the search for the Big Five – buffalo, rhino, elephant, leopard and lion.

  • African bush experiences on foot accompanied by our Masai guides and trackers.
  • Cross-cultural encounters with Masai villagers away from the tourist circuit.
  • Home stay opportunities in traditional Masai bomas.
  • Hikes through Masailand with experienced Tanganyika Ancient Routes’ trekkers.